How to Prevent Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Mosquitoes are infamous for their itchy bites, but the bigger threat to human health is the diseases they transmit. About 3,500 species of mosquitoes exist, but only a few carry diseases. However, even a single infected mosquito can cause an outbreak if it bites enough people.

Some well-known mosquito-borne diseases include malaria, West Nile fever, dengue fever, yellow fever, and Zika virus. These diseases cause hundreds of thousands of deaths and severe illnesses every year, especially in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Here are three key ways to prevent disease:

  • Prevent mosquito-borne diseases by eliminating stagnant water sources and removing breeding grounds from your surroundings.
  • Use effective mosquito repellents and protective clothing to minimize mosquito bites and reduce the risk of infection.
  • Install screens on windows and doors, and utilize treated bed nets to create barriers against mosquitoes and ensure a safe sleeping environment.

Types of Mosquito-borne Diseases

Mosquito-borne diseases are illnesses that are spread by the bites of infected mosquitoes and are typically prevalent in areas with a warm and humid climate. Mosquitoes thrive in warm, moist environments and are most active during the summer months.


Malaria is a life-threatening disease that affects millions of people globally, with most cases and deaths occurring in sub-Saharan Africa. It is caused by the Plasmodium parasite, which is transmitted through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Symptoms of malaria include high fever, chills, headaches, and muscle pain.

Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a viral disease that is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito. It is prevalent in tropical and subtropical areas of the world, including parts of South and Central America, Africa, and Asia. Symptoms include high fever, severe headache, joint and muscle pain, and rash.

Most people infected with the dengue virus experience only mild symptoms, but in some cases, it can progress to a more severe form known as dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), which can cause severe bleeding, shock, and death. The risk of DHF is higher in people who have previously been infected with one of the four strains of the dengue virus.


Chikungunya virus is transmitted to humans through the bites of infected Aedes mosquitoes. Symptoms typically include a sudden onset of high fever, severe joint pain, and muscle pain, as well as headache, nausea, fatigue, and rash. While most people recover fully within a few weeks, some may experience joint pain and stiffness for months or years after the initial infection.

Chikungunya virus is not typically fatal, but it can cause more severe illness in certain populations, particularly in older adults or people with underlying conditions. Pregnant women can also be at increased risk, as the virus has been linked to birth defects.

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Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is prevalent in tropical and subtropical areas of Africa and South America and is typically transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. It can cause a range of symptoms, from mild illness to severe hemorrhagic fever and shock. The virus attacks the liver and can cause jaundice, which is what gives the disease its name. Other symptoms include fever, headache, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue. In rare cases, yellow fever can be fatal.


Zika virus is transmitted to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. Most people with the virus do not experience symptoms, but for those who do they include fever, rash, joint pain, and conjunctivitis. Contracting Zika virus during pregnancy can cause birth defects including microcephaly.

West Nile

West Nile virus was first documented in Africa and later spread to other parts of the world, including North America, Europe, and Asia. The virus primarily infects birds but can also be transmitted to humans who are bitten by infected mosquitoes. Common symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue, muscle weakness, and body aches. In more severe cases, people may experience meningitis, encephalitis, or paralysis.

Eastern Equine Encephalitis

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is one of the most severe mosquito-borne diseases, with a mortality rate of around 33%. It’s most commonly found in the northeastern regions of the United States. Symptoms typically appear 4–10 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito and can include fever, headache, chills, vomiting, and in severe cases, seizures and coma.

The disease is caused by a virus that attacks the central nervous system, which can lead to inflammation of the brain. Children and adults over 50 years old are at the greatest risk of developing severe illness from EEE. In some cases, individuals who survive the disease can experience long-term neurological problems such as tremors and muscle weakness.

Prevention of Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Mosquito-borne diseases have been spreading at an alarming rate and affect millions of people every year. Here are some tips to reduce the risk of getting a mosquito-borne disease:

  • Eliminate breeding sites. Mosquitoes thrive in standing water. Empty out any containers that collect rainwater, such as flower pots, bird baths, and gutters. Keep your swimming pool clean and chlorinated and cover it when not in use. Regularly change the water in pet dishes and replace outdoor water sources.
  • Wear mosquito repellent. Using a mosquito repellent is one of the most effective ways to protect yourself. The CDC recommends using a repellent that contains DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, or IR3535. Follow the instructions on the label and reapply as needed.
  • Dress appropriately. Wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants can protect your skin from mosquito bites. Light-colored clothing is also recommended as mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors.
  • Keep mosquitoes out. Install screens on windows and doors to keep mosquitoes from entering your home. Using air conditioning can also help as mosquitoes are less active in cooler temperatures.
  • Plant mosquito-repelling plants. Certain plants such as citronella, lavender, and marigold are natural mosquito repellants. Planting them around your home or garden will help to deter mosquitoes from hanging around.
  • Use mosquito nets. If you’re going to be in an area with high mosquito activity, consider sleeping under a mosquito net to prevent bites while you sleep.
  • Be aware of peak mosquito activity times. Mosquitoes are most active during dawn and dusk, so avoid going outside during these times or take extra precautions if you do.

By taking these steps, you can reduce the risk of getting a mosquito-borne disease. Always stay informed about the latest news on mosquito-borne diseases and take precautions to keep yourself and your loved ones safe.

Hiring a Truly Nolen Professional to Treat Mosquitoes

As mosquito season approaches, homeowners may find themselves scrambling to find an effective way to combat these irritating and potentially dangerous pests. While there are countless products on the market that claim to repel or exterminate mosquitoes, the truth is that not all mosquito treatments are created equal. That’s why many people are turning to Truly Nolen, a trusted and experienced pest control company with a proven track record of success.

When you hire a Truly Nolen professional to treat mosquitoes, you can rest assured that you’re getting the best possible solution for your pest problem. Unlike many over-the-counter mosquito products, Truly Nolen’s treatments are formulated to target specific mosquito species and their breeding habitats, drastically reducing the populations in your yard. What’s more, Truly Nolen’s experts use only the safest and most effective products, so you don’t have to worry about harsh chemicals harming your family or pets.

But Truly Nolen’s mosquito control services go beyond just treating the immediate problem. Their experts will also provide tips and recommendations for preventing future infestations, such as removing standing water sources and trimming back vegetation. By taking a holistic approach to mosquito control, Truly Nolen ensures that your yard is protected for the long term.

Perhaps most importantly, hiring a Truly Nolen professional to treat mosquitoes means that you don’t have to go it alone. Trying to tackle a mosquito infestation on your own can be frustrating and time-consuming, with no guarantee of success. But when you partner with a Truly Nolen expert, you can trust that they have the knowledge, tools, and experience needed to get the job done right.

If you want to keep your yard mosquito-free this summer, hiring a Truly Nolen professional is the way to go. With their targeted treatments, expert advice, and commitment to safe and effective pest control, you can enjoy your outdoor space without the annoyance and danger of these pesky insects.

$50 Off Year Round Pest Control

Truly Nolen is a family-owned company with 85 years of experience providing the best pest control. If you’re not completely satisfied, you’ll get a full refund on your most recent service with our 100% money back guarantee.

Frequently Asked Questions

How can I reduce the presence of mosquitoes in my yard?

To reduce the presence of mosquitoes in your yard, eliminate standing water sources where mosquitoes breed, such as flower pots, birdbaths, or clogged gutters; use mosquito repellents when spending time outdoors; install screens on windows and doors; and consider using mosquito control products like insecticide sprays or mosquito traps. Learn More!

How long do mosquitoes live?

The lifespan of a mosquito varies depending on the species, but generally, adult mosquitoes live for a few weeks to a couple of months. Female mosquitoes typically have a shorter lifespan than males as they often die after laying their eggs.

Do all mosquitoes transmit diseases?

No, not all mosquitoes transmit diseases. However, certain species of mosquitoes, such as Aedes aegypti and Anopheles mosquitoes, are known vectors for diseases like dengue, Zika, malaria, and West Nile virus. It is important to take precautions to prevent mosquito bites, especially in areas where mosquito-borne diseases are prevalent. Learn more about mosquitoes

What are effective methods to prevent mosquito bites?

Effective methods to prevent mosquito bites include wearing long sleeves and pants, using mosquito repellents containing DEET or other recommended ingredients, staying indoors during peak mosquito activity times (dawn and dusk), and using mosquito nets or screens to create a barrier between you and mosquitoes.

Can mosquitoes breed indoors?

Yes, mosquitoes can breed indoors if there are suitable breeding sites with stagnant water available. Common indoor breeding sites include flower vases, indoor plants with water trays, and containers holding water. It’s important to eliminate or regularly empty and clean such water sources to prevent mosquito breeding indoors.